Straight from my Egyptian home, today is all about how to make dukkah--Egypt's famous blend of nuts, seeds and warm spices. The heady seasoning you never knew you needed! Make this quick dukkah recipe and store it for use as a snack (with bread and olive oil); as a crust for your meats; or as a nutty topping to add texture and flavor to anything from soups and salads, to chicken, fish or roasted vegetables.

Be sure to grab my tips and watch the video below.

dukkah in a small serving bowl

When a new reader found out I was actually Egyptian, he sent me an e-mail wondering if I can share a dukkah recipe. And you know, I never turn down an opportunity to share about the foods of my childhood. So here we are!

If you're not familiar with it, let's just say duqq (another spelling for it) is the condiment you never knew you needed! A secret weapon that will help you add texture and flavor to nearly anything!

dukkah in a jar

What is dukkah?

Dukkah (duqqa), pronounced doo-kah, is a traditional Egyptian blend of nuts, seeds, and warm spices. It's been around since the age of ancient Egypt, but it is now widely popular throughout the Middle East and the world (you may have even found a little jar of it at your local grocery store).

Egyptians actually pronounce it dua'ah. And translated from the Arabic, it simply means "to pound." That's because traditionally (and in many Egyptian homes today), it is made by pounding a mixture of toasted nuts, seeds and whole spices in a mortar and pestle until they form a coarse, crunchy mixture.

What's in it?

In Egypt, we have a saying, "eeish we dua'ah," which literally translates to bread and dukkah--because you can count on a loaf of pita and some nutty, satisfying dukkah for dipping if you have nothing else to eat.

You won't find pre-mixed duqqa in Egyptian stores or spice shops, this nutty mixture is very much a homemade blend and there are as many recipes for dukkah as there are Egyptian cooks. That's because the idea behind it is to use up what nuts and seeds you have on hand. (Guess what I do with nuts I didn't use in my baklava?)

While there are no hard rules, you'll find some common ingredients. Sesame seeds are a key --they're cheaper and available in most Egyptian homes-- along with warm spices like cumin, coriander and fennel seeds. And you'll see coarsely chopped nuts like peanuts (again the cheaper option) or hazelnuts, pistachios, or walnuts. You can use one particular nut or a combination as in my recipe here.

Here's what's in my recipe...

Dukkah ingredients

Dukkah ingredients

  • Nuts: Hazelnuts, almonds, and pistachios
  • Sesame Seeds
  • Fennel Seeds
  • Spices: cumin, coriander, and cayenne (leave the cayenne out if you don't want the heat). Typically the spices are used whole and crushed in the process of making dukkah, but I opted for ground spices here.
  • Kosher salt

How do make it?

Great dukkah depends on the freshness of the ingredients, particularly the nuts and seeds. You'll want to toast your own raw nuts for best flavor. And while traditionally this nutty mixture is made in a mortar and pestle, this easy recipe uses a small food processor (affiliate link). Here is how it goes:

Toast the nuts. Use a dry skillet to toast the hazelnut and almonds until nice and fragrantToast the sesame seeds.

Toast the sesame seeds

Combine the nuts, seeds and spices in the bowl of a small food processor fitted with a blade.

nuts, seeds, and spices in a food processor before grinding

Pulse a few seconds at a time until the nuts are well crushed but don't overdo it, you're not looking for a fine powder, you need to maintain the crunch!

nuts, seeds and spices ground in food processor

Ways to use it

So many ways to use dukkah seasoning, and I can't get enough!

dukkah sprinkled over hummus and labneh with a side of veggies and bread

Is dukkah the same as za'atar?

This a frequently asked question and the straight answer is: no. While dukkah and za'atar are two Middle Eastern blends that can be used similarly, they are clearly not the same in texture or flavor profile. If you haven't already, check out my article on what is za'atar and how to use it. But the short of it is that za'atar blend is a mixture of toasted wild thyme and sesame seeds with sumac.

Za'atar blend has a finer mixture than crunchy Egyptian dukkah.

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4.85 from 57 votes

Egyptian Dukkah Recipe

Suzy Karadsheh
dukkah in a small serving bowl
Quick, homemade Egyptian dukkah recipe with nuts, seeds, and a few warm spices. I like to use a combination of three nuts here (hazelnut, almonds and walnuts), but you can use just one if you like. Use dukkah as a snack; to coat meat, chicken or fish; or as a nutty finishing touch over soup, salad or even roasted vegetables. Store in tight-lid mason jar for up to 2 weeks.
Prep – 5 mins
Cook – 5 mins
0 mins
Serves – 8


  • ½ cup hazelnuts
  • 3 tablespoon almonds
  • 4 tablespoon white sesame seeds
  • 3 tablespoon shelled pistachios
  • 1 tablespoon fennel seeds
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon ground coriander
  • ½ teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • kosher salt


  • Place the hazelnuts and almonds in a dry cast iron pan (do NOT add oil). Toast briefly over medium-high heat, tossing regularly, until the nuts gain some color (watch for nuts to turn a nice golden brown). Transfer to a side dish for now.
  • Place the sesame seeds in the same skillet and return to the heat. Toast over medium heat, tossing regularly, until the sesame seeds turn golden brown (this will be fairly quick so watch carefully).
  • Add the toasted nuts and sesame seeds to the bowl of a small food processor fitted with a blade. Add the pistachios, fennel seeds, spices, and a generous dash of kosher salt. Pulse for a few seconds until you reach a nice coarse mixture (Do not over process the dukkah. The mixture should not be too fine. See photos and video for exact texture).
  • Transfer the dukkah to a bowl to serve. Add a small bowl of extra virgin olive oil and your favorite bread for dipping (I like pita bread or even Jerusalem bagel). You can also store the dukkah in a tight-lid jar for up to 2 weeks to use as a topping for salad, soup, chicken, meats, or roasted vegetables!



  • Yield: This recipe makes just over 1 cup of dukkah. 
  • Storage: Store dukkah in a tight-lid mason jar for up to 2 weeks. 


Calories: 96.1kcalCarbohydrates: 3.7gProtein: 2.8gSaturated Fat: 0.8gSodium: 1.7mgPotassium: 113.3mgFiber: 2gVitamin A: 46.8IUVitamin C: 0.6mgCalcium: 70.3mgIron: 1.4mg
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I'm Suzy; born and bred right on the shores of the Mediterranean. I'm all about easy, healthy recipes with big Mediterranean flavors. Three values guide my cooking: eat with the seasons; use whole foods; and above all, share! So happy you're here...
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  1. 5 stars
    OH. MY. WORD. This stuff is seriously good and a bit addicting. Hazelnuts were hard to find and too expensive when I did find them, so per your blog, I used up what I had in the house-walnuts! I had beans and rice planned for supper and decided to sprinkle some dukkah on top. It was wonderful. Can't wait to try it on fish and veggies. I always keep my nuts in the freezer to keep them from going rancid, so I filled a spice container with some dukkah to use at the table and the rest went into the freezer for later. This recipe made enough to last a very long time as I cook for one-me!

  2. 5 stars
    I was looking for a dukkah recipe and chose yours. I'm so glad I did - its very good. And it's a bit addictive. The more I ate, the more I wanted to go back for more. I was cautious at first with the salt as I didn't want to over salt and then added more after tasting. Yum. I find it is even better after a few days. Thank you!

  3. 5 stars
    I was driven to find this recipe based on an IG post with Avocado toast. I've found myself in a bit of a wormhole learning all of the various iterations, but this by far appears to be the best, can't wait to try it!!

    1. Hi, Otilia. I've never tried this one without cumin, personally, but I think it would be okay to omit it. It won't quite have the same flavor profile as traditional Dukkah, though.

  4. 5 stars
    OMG!!!!! You are so right this is a condiment I never knew I needed and it's so addicting!! Absolutely love it!! Yet to be disappointed by anything you've recommended!

  5. Oh my...... from my supplier Abel & Cole I had this free jar of Dukkah and didn't know what it was!
    Looked it up and found out! I have used all kinds of spices and grow my own herbs in my greenhouse, but this is something excitingly new and I can't wait to try it on soups and dips! This contains chickpeas, sunflower seeds, coriander, cumin, salt, yellow mustard, garlic, black pepper, onion, fennel and spearmint!
    Very different from your version! Thanks for your information Suzy, I will start snacking soon!
    Best wishes Lottie

  6. I read somewhere that you could use roasted chickpeas in sted of nuts to make dukkah. Do you have any experience with using chickpeas in dukkah?

    1. Hi, Thea. I have seen that as well, but have never tried myself. Would love to hear your thoughts if you give it a go!

  7. 5 stars
    Oh my goodness! I just made this recipe, and my entire family loves it! Why was I never taught this when I was in culinary school?! Quick question. I work and live in South East Asia. Cashews are really easy to come by. How do you think this would turn out with cashews?

    Thanks for all the recipes and videos, Suzy. You are making my family's transition into the Mediterranean NOT A DIET so enjoyable! God bless you.

  8. I am allergic to hazelnuts and walnuts. I know you say hazelnuts are the star but what nut would you suggest as a substitute for the hazelnuts in this recipe?

  9. 5 stars
    Me sure to wait until nuts are cool after toasting. Warm nuts crumble too quickly as their oils make them soft!

  10. 5 stars
    Suzy, I love this so much, thank you for sharing! It is so delicious on just about anything - I even tried it on black bean tacos and the flavor was out of this world.

  11. As I am cooking for one; I was curious if it would be ok to portion, seal a meal it & freeze?
    (Cos you had me at Hazelnuts)