Straight from my Egyptian home, today is all about how to make dukkah--Egypt's famous blend of nuts, seeds and warm spices. The heady seasoning you never knew you needed! Make this quick dukkah recipe and store it for use as a snack (with bread and olive oil); as a crust for your meats; or as a nutty topping to add texture and flavor to anything from soups and salads, to chicken, fish or roasted vegetables.

Be sure to grab my tips and watch the video below.

dukkah in a small serving bowl

When a new reader found out I was actually Egyptian, he sent me an e-mail wondering if I can share a dukkah recipe. And you know, I never turn down an opportunity to share about the foods of my childhood. So here we are!

If you're not familiar with it, let's just say duqq (another spelling for it) is the condiment you never knew you needed! A secret weapon that will help you add texture and flavor to nearly anything!

dukkah in a jar

What is dukkah?

Dukkah (duqqa), pronounced doo-kah, is a traditional Egyptian blend of nuts, seeds, and warm spices. It's been around since the age of ancient Egypt, but it is now widely popular throughout the Middle East and the world (you may have even found a little jar of it at your local grocery store).

Egyptians actually pronounce it dua'ah. And translated from the Arabic, it simply means "to pound." That's because traditionally (and in many Egyptian homes today), it is made by pounding a mixture of toasted nuts, seeds and whole spices in a mortar and pestle until they form a coarse, crunchy mixture.

What's in it?

In Egypt, we have a saying, "eeish we dua'ah," which literally translates to bread and dukkah--because you can count on a loaf of pita and some nutty, satisfying dukkah for dipping if you have nothing else to eat.

You won't find pre-mixed duqqa in Egyptian stores or spice shops, this nutty mixture is very much a homemade blend and there are as many recipes for dukkah as there are Egyptian cooks. That's because the idea behind it is to use up what nuts and seeds you have on hand. (Guess what I do with nuts I didn't use in my baklava?)

While there are no hard rules, you'll find some common ingredients. Sesame seeds are a key --they're cheaper and available in most Egyptian homes-- along with warm spices like cumin, coriander and fennel seeds. And you'll see coarsely chopped nuts like peanuts (again the cheaper option) or hazelnuts, pistachios, or walnuts. You can use one particular nut or a combination as in my recipe here.

Here's what's in my recipe...

Dukkah ingredients

Dukkah ingredients

  • Nuts: Hazelnuts, almonds, and pistachios
  • Sesame Seeds
  • Fennel Seeds
  • Spices: cumin, coriander, and cayenne (leave the cayenne out if you don't want the heat). Typically the spices are used whole and crushed in the process of making dukkah, but I opted for ground spices here.
  • Kosher salt

How do make it?

Great dukkah depends on the freshness of the ingredients, particularly the nuts and seeds. You'll want to toast your own raw nuts for best flavor. And while traditionally this nutty mixture is made in a mortar and pestle, this easy recipe uses a small food processor (affiliate link). Here is how it goes:

Toast the nuts. Use a dry skillet to toast the hazelnut and almonds until nice and fragrantToast the sesame seeds.

Toast the sesame seeds

Combine the nuts, seeds and spices in the bowl of a small food processor fitted with a blade.

nuts, seeds, and spices in a food processor before grinding

Pulse a few seconds at a time until the nuts are well crushed but don't overdo it, you're not looking for a fine powder, you need to maintain the crunch!

nuts, seeds and spices ground in food processor

Ways to use it

So many ways to use dukkah seasoning, and I can't get enough!

dukkah sprinkled over hummus and labneh with a side of veggies and bread

Is dukkah the same as za'atar?

This a frequently asked question and the straight answer is: no. While dukkah and za'atar are two Middle Eastern blends that can be used similarly, they are clearly not the same in texture or flavor profile. If you haven't already, check out my article on what is za'atar and how to use it. But the short of it is that za'atar blend is a mixture of toasted wild thyme and sesame seeds with sumac.

Za'atar blend has a finer mixture than crunchy Egyptian dukkah.

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4.88 from 74 votes

Egyptian Dukkah Recipe

Suzy Karadsheh
dukkah in a small serving bowl
Quick, homemade Egyptian dukkah recipe with nuts, seeds, and a few warm spices. I like to use a combination of three nuts here (hazelnut, almonds and walnuts), but you can use just one if you like. Use dukkah as a snack; to coat meat, chicken or fish; or as a nutty finishing touch over soup, salad or even roasted vegetables. Store in tight-lid mason jar for up to 2 weeks.
Prep – 5 minutes
Cook – 5 minutes
0 minutes
Serves – 8


  • ½ cup hazelnuts
  • 3 tablespoon almonds
  • 4 tablespoon white sesame seeds
  • 3 tablespoon shelled pistachios
  • 1 tablespoon fennel seeds
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon ground coriander
  • ½ teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • kosher salt


  • Place the hazelnuts and almonds in a dry cast iron pan (do NOT add oil). Toast briefly over medium-high heat, tossing regularly, until the nuts gain some color (watch for nuts to turn a nice golden brown). Transfer to a side dish for now.
  • Place the sesame seeds in the same skillet and return to the heat. Toast over medium heat, tossing regularly, until the sesame seeds turn golden brown (this will be fairly quick so watch carefully).
  • Add the toasted nuts and sesame seeds to the bowl of a small food processor fitted with a blade. Add the pistachios, fennel seeds, spices, and a generous dash of kosher salt. Pulse for a few seconds until you reach a nice coarse mixture (Do not over process the dukkah. The mixture should not be too fine. See photos and video for exact texture).
  • Transfer the dukkah to a bowl to serve. Add a small bowl of extra virgin olive oil and your favorite bread for dipping (I like pita bread or even Jerusalem bagel). You can also store the dukkah in a tight-lid jar for up to 2 weeks to use as a topping for salad, soup, chicken, meats, or roasted vegetables!



  • Yield: This recipe makes just over 1 cup of dukkah. 
  • Storage: Store dukkah in a tight-lid mason jar for up to 2 weeks. 


Calories: 96.1kcalCarbohydrates: 3.7gProtein: 2.8gSaturated Fat: 0.8gSodium: 1.7mgPotassium: 113.3mgFiber: 2gVitamin A: 46.8IUVitamin C: 0.6mgCalcium: 70.3mgIron: 1.4mg
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I'm Suzy; born and bred right on the shores of the Mediterranean. I'm all about easy, healthy recipes with big Mediterranean flavors. Three values guide my cooking: eat with the seasons; use whole foods; and above all, share! So happy you're here...
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  1. I look forward to trying this 🙂

    When I spent some time in Egypt, I fell in love with GabNa...... which is translated into cheese. But this was an amazing mixture of Feta? and tomatoes and cucumber? and some other ingredients. We ate it with flat bread. It was the most amazing thing that I tasted there (close second was the Ful). Do you have a recipe for the cheese mixture? I tried to replicate it, once I got home to Canada...... but it just wasn't the same.

  2. 5 stars
    There are no words to describe this wonderful concoction. I am seriously addicted. I will be making this forever.

    We LOVE your top notch olive oils as well. I always reorder when I’m on my last bottle as I buy three at a time. It’s so clean and pure it makes you want to drink it. Appreciate the recipe and the video!

  3. I’ve often heard Egyptians speak of duqqah, and was determined to taste some. You’re correct; that prepackaged stuff in the American markets is totally ersatz. Egyptians I know say you have to make it from scratch in order to get the real experience. The recipe components you listed should be easy to find here..
    I do have a ten-pound granite mortar & pestle. It’s time we both got a workout ?. Thanks

  4. 5 stars
    I wanted to try this recipe but I only had BBQ flavoried Hazelnuts...turned out delicious! My Christmas gifts for my neighbors this year; baguette, olive oil, and Dukkah. Thank you for sharing this.

    1. I've not done that before, Lauren, but I think it would work just fine. Please let me know how it turns out if you give it a try!!

  5. 5 stars
    I've tried other dukkah recipes before and I have purchased some at Trader Joe's. This weekend, I made yours and I can honestly say it is the BEST! Thank you so much!

  6. 5 stars
    I made this over the weekend and used it as crust for some baked chicken and it was amazing! Just now, I sprinkled some on my lunch soup. AMAZING! Love the many uses of this beautiful mixture.