In this kibbeh recipe, a mixture of bulgur wheat, onions, and ground beef forms a hollow shell for a delicious stuffing. Enveloped in warm and earthy Middle Eastern spices like allspice and ground cinnamon, kibbeh is the epitome of Middle Eastern comfort food.  The kibbeh croquettes can be deep fried or baked, and are often served as mezze or side dish. See more on kibbeh and the step-by-step tutorial below!

Kibbeh on a plate served with Greek dip

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Stuffing kibbeh is a recreational activity that Middle Eastern women take as seriously as they do stuffing zucchini or rolling parcels of rice-filled cabbage leaves. It's kind of a big deal. A rite of passage, if you will.  If you grew in that part of the world, it's assumed that your mother and the ladies of your community would have trained you to make kibbeh by the time you turned 15!

Kibbeh served with a side of mixed vegetables and Greek dip

That was not the case for me. My closest encounter with kibbeh took place only a few years ago in my mother in-law's Michigan kitchen. She made kibbeh in large batches on the regular. Some for the family, and a lot more for their then family-owned restaurant. I watched her form the kibbeh so precisely into small ovals, more like mini-footballs. She made it look so easy!

So What is Kibbeh?

I've heard kibbeh described as Middle Eastern meatballs--sort of.

The word kibbeh stems from an Arabic verb meaning, "to form into a ball;" so that description is not entirely wrong.  But as you'll see in today's kibbeh recipe, they're more like stuffed croquettes. There is a crispy outer shell made with bulgur wheat, onions, and finely ground beef. The shell is then stuffed with a mixture of spiced beef and toasted pine nuts; sealed and then fried or baked.

Ingredients of Kibbeh laid out on a table

In today's kibbeh recipe, I have attempted to follow the same football-like shape that my MIL taught me; although kibbeh can be formed into balls or even patties, whatever is easiest for you.

And there are many ways to prepare kibbeh--stuffed and then fried or baked like in today's Kibbeh recipe. The Lebanese do raw kibbeh, or kibbeh nayya, which is a delicacy that resembles steak tartar. And there is also pan kibbeh, which we will make here in the future.

5 pieces of Kibbeh served on a plate with dip and vegetables

What to serve with Kibbeh?

Kibbeh is best served warm with tahini sauce, tzatziki or plain yogurt.  Here I served it with this Mediterranean chickpea salad; you can also serve it with tabouli, fattoush salad, or even Greek salad.

Step-by-step tutorial for how to make kibbeh

(scroll down for the print-friendly recipe)

Cover a fine mesh strainer with a light cloth (a cheesecloth, if you have one). Add the bulgur wheat in, then place the strainer into a bowl filled with water. Let the fine bulgur wheat soak in the water for 15 minutes, then pull the cloth, holding the bulgur, and squeeze all the water out. You may do this a couple of times until you are sure the bulgur is rid of water. Set aside for now. (Once soaked, fine bulgur wheat is ready to eat. Coarse bulgur requires a little more time, as I outline in my bulgur cooking guide.)

Bulgur wheat strained using a cheesecloth Bulgur wheat after it has been strained
Now make the kibbeh (the actual dough that you will later use to form the kibbeh shells). Put the onion, ground beef, spices and pinch of salt into the bowl of a large food processor. Process until the meat is very finely ground almost into a paste.

Ground meat with spices added to a food processor

Transfer the meat mixture into a large bowl and add the bulgur wheat. Use damp hands to combine the bulgur with the meat mixture to make a dough. Cover and refrigerate until later.

Mixed ground meet combined with bulgur

Ground meat and bulgur completely mixed together
Now make the filling. Heat about 1 tablespoon olive oil in a skillet or frying pan. Saute the onion until just golden, then add the ground beef. Cook over medium heat, stirring occasionally until the meat is fully browned. Add the toasted pine nuts, the spices, and the salt and pepper. Stir to combine. Remove from the heat and set aside to cool.

Ingredients of Kibbeh filling added to a pan
Remove the kibbeh dough from the fridge. To stuff the kibbeh, you need to have damp hands. Place a small bowl of water next to you. Prepare a baking sheet and line it with parchment paper.
With both the bowl of kibbeh dough and the filling near, you can begin stuffing the kibbeh. Dampen your hands with some water, take a handful of the kibbeh dough (about 2 tablespoon or so) and form into somewhat of an oval-shaped disc in the palm of one hand. Use your finger to make a well in the middle of the disc, and gradually hallow the disc out to make a larger well or hole for the filling.

Kibbeh dough formed into shells using hands

Using a spoon, add about 1 tablespoon of the filling. Seal the dough on top and, using both hands, carefully shape it into an oval (football-type shape).

Kibbeh shells filled with meat mixture

Meat mixture completely surrounded by Kibbeh shell

Place the stuffed kibbeh on the baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Repeat the stuffing steps until you run out of ingredients, be sure to have damp hands throughout.

Stuffed Kibbeh shells lined on a baking sheet

Chill the stuffed kibbeh for 1 hour, this is a very important step!

[And if you do not plan to cook the entire batch of kibbeh croquettes, this would be the time to freeze. See the freezing instructions in the recipe notes section below]
To fry, heat the oil in a deep frying pan to 350 degrees F (you'll want the oil hot enough that you can see some gentle bubbling, but not too hot where it will burn the kibbeh shells). Deep-fry the kibbeh in the hot oil, in batches being carefully not to crowd them, until the kibbeh shells are brown (about 5 minutes or so).

[I show only one kibbeh here to help you see, but you can certainly fry a few at a time, just make sure they fit nicely in the frying pan]

Stuffed kibbeh added to a pot of hot oil for frying

Fried Kibbeh removed from oil after frying

With a slotted spoon or tongs, carefully remove the kibbeh and place them on a pan lined with paper towel to drain. Repeat until you have fried all the stuffed kibbeh.

Fried Kibbeh returned to baking sheet to drain and settle

[Alternately, you can bake the kibbeh. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees F. Spray the stuffed kibbeh with olive oil, and arrange them in a single layer, spaced out, on a large baking sheet. Bake until deep golden brown, likely about 30 minutes or so, but this will vary].

Serve hot or at room temperature with tahini sauce, tzatziki sauce or plain Greek yogurt. Enjoy!

Piece of Kibbeh broken in half to see stuffed contents

 

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Kibbeh Recipe (How to Make Kibbeh)


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Description

In this kibbeh recipe, a mixture of bulgur wheat, onions, and ground beef forms a hollow shell for a delicious stuffing. Enveloped in warm and earthy Middle Eastern spices like allspice and ground cinnamon, kibbeh is the epitome of Middle Eastern comfort food.  The kibbeh croquettes can be deep fried or baked, and are often served as mezze or side dish. See more on kibbeh and the step-by-step tutorial below!


Ingredients

Scale

For the Kibbeh (the actual dough that forms the kibbeh shells)

  • 2 ½ cups fine bulgur wheat
  • Water
  • 1 large onion, quartered
  • 1 ½ lb lean ground beef (or lamb)
  • 2 tsp ground allspice
  • 1 tsp ground coriander
  • ½ tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1 tsp black pepper
  • Pinch salt
  • Oil for frying

For the Meat Filling

  • Olive oil
  • 1 medium yellow onion, finely chopped or grated
  • 1 lb ground lamb or beef (I used beef here), cold
  • ⅓ cup toasted pine nuts
  • 1 tsp ground allspice
  • ½ tsp ground cinnamon
  • Pinch salt and pepper

Instructions

  1. Cover a fine mesh strainer with a light cloth (a cheesecloth, if you have one). Add the bulgur wheat in, then place the strainer into a bowl filled with water. Let the fine bulgur wheat soak in the water for 15 minutes, then pull the cloth, holding the bulgur, and squeeze all the water out. You may do this a couple of times until you are sure the bulgur is rid of water. Set aside for now.
  2. Now make the kibbeh (the actual dough that you will later use to form the kibbeh shells). Put the onion, ground beef, spices and pinch of salt into the bowl of a large food processor. Process until the meat is very finely ground almost into a paste. Transfer the meat mixture into a large bowl and add the bulgur wheat. Use damp hands to combine the bulgur with the meat mixture to make a dough. Cover and refrigerate until later.
  3. Now make the filling. Heat about 1 tablespoon olive oil in a skillet or frying pan. Saute the onion until just golden, then add the ground beef. Cook over medium heat, stirring occasionally until the meat is fully browned. Add the toasted pine nuts, the spices, and the salt and pepper. Stir to combine. Remove from the heat and set aside to cool.
  4. Remove the kibbeh dough from the fridge.
  5. To stuff the kibbeh, you need to have damp hands. Place a small bowl of water next to you. Prepare a baking sheet and line it with parchment paper.
  6. With both the bowl of kibbeh dough and the filling near, you can begin stuffing the kibbeh. Dampen your hands with some water, take a handful of the kibbeh dough (about 2 tablespoon or so) and form into somewhat of an oval-shaped disc in the palm of one hand. Use your finger to make a well in the middle of the disc, and gradually hallow the disc out to make a larger well or hole for the filling. Using a spoon, add about 1 tablespoon of the filling. Seal the dough on top and, using both hands, carefully shape it into an oval (football-type shape). Place the stuffed kibbeh on the baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Repeat the stuffing steps until you run out, be sure to have damp hands throughout.
  7. Chill the stuffed kibbeh for 1 hour.
  8. Heat the oil in a deep frying pan to 350 degrees F (you'll want the oil hot enough that you can see some gentle bubbling, but not too hot where it will burn the kibbeh shells). Deep-fry the kibbeh in the hot oil, in batches being carefully not to crowd them, until the kibbeh shells are brown (about 5 minutes or so). With a slotted spoon or tongs, carefully remove the kibbeh and place them on a pan lined with paper towel to drain. Repeat until you have fried all the stuffed kibbeh.
  9. Serve hot or at room temprature with tahini sauce, tzatziki sauce or plain Greek yogurt. Enjoy!

Notes

  • It is important that the kibbeh dough remains cool as you work with it. So if you think it will take you longer to finish the stuffing process (steps 5&6), place the bowl of kibbeh dough in a larger bowl filled with ice.
  • If you prefer to bake the kibbeh croquettes--Preheat the oven to 400 degrees F. Spray the stuffed kibbeh with olive oil, and arrange them in a single layer, spaced out, on a large baking sheet. Bake until deep golden brown (likely about 30 minutes or so, but this will vary).
  • To freeze the kibbeh-- You can easily freeze the kibbeh after stuffing. Instead of simply chilling for an hour (step #7), you can arrange the kibbeh on a baking sheet and freeze for an hour or two. Take the baking sheet out of the freezer, once the kibbeh have hardened, and transfer the kibbeh to a freezer-safe container or even large zip lock bags. Freeze until you are ready to use. You can cook these from frozen, do not thaw.
  • Visit our store to browse our spices, olive oils and bundles!
  • Prep Time: 1 hour 45 mins
  • Cook Time: 30 mins
  • Category: Sides
  • Method: Baked
  • Cuisine: Middle Eastern

More Recipes to Try:

How to Make Falafel 

How to Make Traditional Creamy Hummus

Middle Eastern Kofta Recipe 

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I'm Suzy; born and bred right on the shores of the Mediterranean. I'm all about easy, healthy recipes with big Mediterranean flavors. Three values guide my cooking: eat with the seasons; use whole foods; and above all, share! So happy you're here...
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Comments

  1. Alicia Pacini says:

    My kibbes are delicious but they split open when i cooked them- both fried and baked. Any tips to prevent this? Thank you for wonderful recipes!






    1. Suzy says:

      So glad you enjoyed them Alicia! I would say maybe they were stuffed too much.

  2. Vicente says:

    Thank you so much! I'm anxious to try it.
    Greetings from Argentina.

    1. Suzy says:

      I hope you love it, Vicente!

  3. Bebygirl says:

    Lesson learned for me, I needed to add more spices and salt. Also, I found I needed to almost freeze these before frying, they came out much better for those and didn’t open up on the ones that were colder to start with. All over a success though.






    1. Suzy says:

      Awesome! 🙂

  4. Hazel McCurley says:

    I have not had kibbeh in 30 yrs; since my Syrian uncle passed. Always loved it. He made his yogurt to eat with it. So good. Can't wait to try your recipe.

    1. Suzy says:

      Enjoy, Hazel!

  5. Valerie says:

    How many come out with this recipe? Many thanks!

    1. Suzy says:

      Hi, Valerie! This recipe yields 24-30 pieces. Thanks!

  6. Lorraine Kantidakis says:

    Hi

    Can anyone tell me how many 1 x recipe makes please?

    Thanks 🙂

    1. Suzy says:

      Hi, Lorraine! This recipe yields 24-30 pieces.

  7. Elaine says:

    I’m new to your site and your recipes look amazing! Looking forward to trying this recipe. Two questions — 1) I have a coarser bulgur — can it be made finer in the food processor or other appliance; and 2) presently I have ground turkey to use. Would you alter the spices, and if so, what would you change and by how much? Thank you!






    1. Suzy says:

      Hi, Elaine! I have never used a food processor to make course bulgur a bit finer, but it's certainly worth a try if that's what you have on had! I don't think you'd need to alter the spices if you use turkey. Hope you enjoy the recipe!!

  8. Ariel says:

    This sounds delicious and I'm eager to try it! A question about the pine nuts. Are they whole or chopped?
    Thank you.

    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      Enjoy! The Pine nuts are whole.

      1. Jaime says:

        Can I make the dough a day ahead? Or will the onions & salt affect the texture when forming the shell? Thank you!






      2. Suzy says:

        It's best to make it fresh if you can, but you may be able to make it a day ahead. Onion does have a bit of liquid to it, which can affect the texture but probably not a ton.

  9. Elsie says:

    Can these be baked instead if fried?

    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      Sure, Elsie. Arrange the kibbeh on a baking rack inside a large baking sheet. Brush them with olive oil and bake in a medium-heated oven (350-375 degrees F) until done.

  10. martin says:

    Looks so delicious I am Lebonese and we make a similar version of kebbe along with cabbage rolls and seasoned green beans with unleavened bread.






    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      Sounds wonderful!

  11. Erika says:

    Easy and delicious!






    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      Thanks so much, Erika!

  12. John says:

    Great addition to my recipes. Loved it.






    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      Awesome, John! thank you for sharing!

  13. Louise says:

    I have used quinoa in place of the bulgur wheat. Works well.

    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      Great! Thanks for sharing, Louise!

  14. pat hazouri says:

    My sitto, aunties and mom would roll over in their graves if I made my kibbeh this way, but I think I will give it a try. They were all perfectionist and each made their food a little different. And there was never enough salt.
    Your recipe looks so much easier than all the hand kneading with ice water. I may have to give it a trial run before New Year's Day dinner with family and friends. I had to laugh when I read through your comments about serving kibbeh as a main course to 24 people. In my family you can never make enough kibbeh. Better roast a couple of chickens to serve along with the kibbeh. Also several other side dishes. Not to mention pita bread...soft and hot.

  15. Janet Fairbrother says:

    Do you have a recipe for a Vegetarian Kibbeh?

    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      I do not yet 🙂

  16. Pauline says:

    Thank you for posting such a helpful 'how to' on these Middle Eastern delights. I am planning to make this for a function at Christmas, so I'll hopefully remember to let you know how I go. Thought I would make as a large roll and slice to serve. Also planning to add pistachios for flavour and added texture.

    1. Suzy Karadsheh says:

      My pleasure! Enjoy!