Shakshuka is a simple dish made of gently poached eggs in a delicious chunky tomato and bell pepper sauce. Said to have originated in Tunisia, this breakfast recipe is popular in many parts of North Africa and the Middle East. It is so satisfying, you can serve it for breakfast, lunch, or dinner. Read through for important tips and watch the video for how to make shakshuka!

Shakshuka in cast iron skillet

What is shakshuka?

A North African dish, said to have originated in Tunisia, shakshuka, ponounced Shak-SHOO-kah, is made of soft cooked eggs, gently poached or braised in a delicious chunky tomato and bell pepper sauce. The seasoning can vary from one recipe to another, but you'll often find warm spices like cumin, paprika, and crushed red pepper flakes for some heat. (If you're familiar with the popular Southern Italian dish known as eggs in purgatory, then this idea of cooking eggs in tomato sauce is not new to you!)

Many think of this dish an Israeli breakfast food because it is quite popular in places like Tel Aviv, but these eggs in tomato sauce are something you'll find in many parts of North Africa and the Middle East. Fun fact, the origins of the word shakshuka comes from the Arabic for "all mixed up" or "shaken."

Growing up in Egypt, my favorite was from a Cairo restaurant near the Nile called Felfela, where they served shakshuka eggs mild or spicy, with or without meat (often small chunks of beef or lamb), with a stack of warm pita bread. And it's often listed as a breakfast (or dinner) food next to things like falafel and ful muddamas.

poached eggs in shakshuka tomato sauce in cast iron skillet with pita bread and sides of cucumbers and olives

Shakshuka

This easy shakshuka recipe is something I make often for Sunday brunch, although I'm not shy to serve it for dinner as well. There are two main components to this recipe: The chunky tomato sauce and the eggs.

The sauce starts with a sofrito of chopped onions, green bell peppers, and garlic, seasoned with North African flavors including cumin, coriander, paprika and a dash or red pepper flakes (you can omit the red peppers if you don't eat spicy food). Whenever possible, I like using fresh ripe tomatoes when making shakshuka (the softer tomatoes will do great here). But when tomatoes are not in season, I am okay using a can of whole plum tomatoes or canned diced tomatoes.

Once the sauce is ready, you'll simply nestle the eggs in it and allow them to gently cook in the simmering sauce until the whites settle. The eggs are meant to be runny, but if you don't like them that way, it's fine to cook them to your liking.

ingredients to make shakshuka

Ingredients: what you'll need to make shakshuka

  • Extra virgin olive oil
  • Vegetables: 1 large chopped onion, 1 to 2 green bell peppers, and 2 minced garlic cloves. These three ingredients (plus spices) creates a sofrito to start the chunky sauce.
  • Spices: coriander, cumin, paprika-- a trio of warm North African flavors. If you like spicy shakshuka (some call it eggs in purgatory), add a pinch of red pepper flakes or cayenne pepper.
  • Tomatoes: In this recipe, I use 6 fresh medium-sized tomatoes and about ½ cup of tomato sauce, this combination gives me the texture and flavor I'm looking for. It helps if your fresh tomatoes are soft and almost overripe. If tomatoes are not in season, you can replace them with 1 28-ounce can of whole tomatoes or 6 cups canned chopped tomatoes with their juices. If you use the canned tomato alternative, you can omit the tomato sauce.
  • Eggs: 6 large raw eggs
  • Garnish: This is totally optional, but for me a handful of fresh chopped parsley and mint just before serving adds freshness and a pop of color. And if you love your shakshuka with feta, then add a sprinkle of creamy feta cheese just before serving.

How to Make Shakshuka

The print friendly recipe with measurements is just below, but here is a quick tutorial with a few photos to help you along. This recipe basically has two main steps:

  • Make the shakshuka tomato sauce. Start by sauteing chopped onions, bell peppers, and garlic with a little bit of extra virgin olive oil in a large, heavy skillet or pan (with a lid). Season with kosher salt and coriander, paprika, cumin, and crushed pepper flakes. Cook for at least 5 minutes, stirring, until the veggies are tender, then add fresh diced tomatoes (I used 6 vine ripe tomatoes) and ½ cup of tomato sauce. (Or, if you don't have fresh tomatoes, you can use canned a large 28-ounce of canned whole tomatoes or 6 cups of canned diced tomatoes). Bring the tomatoes to a boil, then cover and let simmer for about 15 minutes, then uncover and cook a few more minutes until your sauce has thickened.

    cooked tomatoes, bell peppers, onions and garlic
  • Add the eggs and cook. When the sauce is ready, use the back of a spoon and make some holes in the sauce. Crack your eggs and nestle each egg in one of the holes you created. Cover the skillet and allow the eggs to simmer in the sauce over medium-low heat until the egg whites have settled (as I said earlier, the eggs are supposed to be soft and somewhat runny. If you like your eggs hard, you can let them cook a bit longer).

    eggs cooked in the shakshuka sauce
  • Serve immediately! Once the eggs are ready, garnish with parsley and serve immediately!

What to serve with Shakshuka?

There is no right or wrong way to serve this tasty dish, but in my opinion, bread such as pita or a crusty loaf (or even challah) is essential. (I've been known to even use up extra garlic bread to dunk in the chunky tomato sauce). You can serve shakshuka with other dishes. Here are a few ideas:

Shakshuka with meat

If you want to incorporate meat in this shakshuka recipe, you'll use ½ pound of ground or small diced meat, lamb or beef are common options. Cook the meat first in a bit of extra virgin olive oil until fully browned, and season with kosher salt, black pepper, and if you like, a dash of allspice. From there, add the onions, garlic, and bell peppers and make the shakshuka sauce by following the recipe.

Or, if you have some leftover meat from a leg of lamb or lamb rack chops, give them a new life by serving them over shakshuka.

More egg recipes to try:

Browse more breakfast recipes. Browse all Mediterranean recipes.

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4.99 from 174 votes

Easy Shakshuka Recipe

Suzy Karadsheh
Shakshuka served in a cast iron skillet
Easy shakshuka made with eggs that are gently poached in a simmering mixture of tomatoes, bell peppers, onions, and garlic. A few warm spices and some fresh herbs complete this satisfying one-skillet dish!
Prep – 10 minutes
Cook – 30 minutes
Total – 30 minutes
Cuisine:
Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, Tunisian
Serves – 6 people (up to)
Course:
Breakfast, Lunch

Ingredients
  

  • Extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 large yellow onion chopped
  • 2 green peppers chopped
  • 2 garlic cloves, chopped
  • 1 teaspoon ground coriander
  • 1 teaspoon sweet paprika
  • ½ teaspoon ground cumin
  • Pinch red pepper flakes optional
  • Salt and pepper
  • 6 medium tomatoes, chopped (about 6 cups chopped tomatoes)
  • ½ cup tomato sauce
  • 6 large eggs
  • ¼ cup chopped fresh parsley leaves
  • ¼ cup chopped fresh mint leaves

Instructions
 

  • Heat 3 tablespoon olive oil in a large cast iron skillet. Add the onions, green peppers, garlic, spices, pinch salt and pepper. Cook, stirring occasionally, until the vegetables have softened, about 5 minutes.
  • Add the tomatoes and tomato sauce. Cover and let simmer for about 15 minutes. Uncover and cook a bit longer to allow the mixture to reduce and thicken. Taste and adjust the seasoning to your liking.
  • Using a wooden spoon, make 6 indentations, or "wells," in the tomato mixture (make sure the indentations are spaced out). Gently crack an egg into each indention.
  • Reduce the heat, cover the skillet, and cook on low until the egg whites are set.
  • Uncover and add the fresh parsley and mint. You can add more black pepper or crushed red pepper, if you like. Serve with warm pita, challah, or crusty bread of your choice.

Video

Notes

  • Make Ahead Tip: You can prepare the shakshuka tomato sauce one night in advance.  Let cool completely, then store in the fridge in a tight lid glass container. When you are ready the next day, warm up the sauce in a skillet and add the eggs and follow the recipe from step #3 on.
  • Leftovers Storage: Leftovers will keep for 1 to 2 days if stored properly in the fridge in tight-lid glass containers. Warm up over medium heat, adding a little more liquid to the shakshuka sauce if needed.
  • To add meat: If you want to add meat, cook about ½ ground beef or ground lamb in some extra virgin olive oil. Season well with salt and pepper. Once fully cooked, remove the meat from the skillet, wipe the skillet well and follow steps #1 and #2 to make the shakshuka sauce, only this time, add the cooked ground meat to the skillet to simmer with the tomatoes for 15 minutes or so before adding the eggs.
  • Visit Our Shop to browse quality Mediterranean ingredients including olive oils and all-natural and organic spices used in this recipe.

Nutrition

Calories: 111kcalCarbohydrates: 10.9gProtein: 7.7gFat: 4.7gSaturated Fat: 1.5gMonounsaturated Fat: 1.7gTrans Fat: 0.1gCholesterol: 163.7mgSodium: 170mgPotassium: 550.3mgFiber: 3.2gSugar: 5.9gVitamin A: 1954.4IUVitamin C: 55.8mgCalcium: 61.3mgIron: 1.9mg
Tried this recipe?

*This post originally appeared on The Mediterranean Dish in 2017 and has recently been updated with new information and media for readers' benefit. Enjoy!

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I'm Suzy; born and bred right on the shores of the Mediterranean. I'm all about easy, healthy recipes with big Mediterranean flavors. Three values guide my cooking: eat with the seasons; use whole foods; and above all, share! So happy you're here...
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4.99 from 174 votes (65 ratings without comment)

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Comments

  1. Kris says:

    Heyo! Just a quickie. I don't know where you are in the world, but when you say tomato sauce, are you referring to ketchup (like in the UK) or something like passata? Thanks a million.

    1. TMD Team says:

      Hi, Kris. Here in the US, tomato sauce has the consistency of marinara, but it's usually only tomato and salt (no spices). You could mix your own by whisking some tomato paste with water.

      1. Marci says:

        Yes, Kris, you would use pasata. I used to live in Ireland, lots of British influence. Pasata is like tomato sauce.

    2. IDA SOEKOE says:

      5 stars
      Hi Kris. I live in South Africa and what is called tomato sauce in the USA is called Tomato Puree here. Not spicy like ketchup, and not thick like tomato pasta. Works wonders for basic sauces.

  2. Sharon says:

    I just love all your recipes. They are easy delicious
    and very healthy.

    1. TMD Team says:

      Glad to hear it, Sharon! Thank you!

  3. Vicente says:

    5 stars
    I really loved this recipe, and my wife too. It's so simple and satisfying!
    I'll definitely try the meat variation next time.
    I also made your pita bread recipe as well --and all the shakshuka leftovers were eaten with those!
    I love your recipes, greetings from Argentina!

    1. IDA SOEKOE says:

      5 stars
      I think diced fried bacon will also work well in the meaty version.

  4. Pamela Carnemolla says:

    5 stars
    Grow ip on an Italian home, we called it “eggs in purgatory” 😋♥️

  5. Barbara Phelan says:

    5 stars
    I first had Shakshuka In Morocco and love it. As I live alone I prepare the dish up to the point of adding the eggs, divide into four and freeze three individual portions.
    It works for me.

    1. TMD Team says:

      Great idea, Barbara! Thanks for sharing!

  6. Jane says:

    5 stars
    This is so easy and delicious! Even better after being in the fridge overnight!

  7. Catherine says:

    5 stars
    OMG!!!! What a great breakfast!!! I love the shakshuka! The only things I did different I added 1/2 tsp marjoram since I had no mint, two tbsp olive and red pepper tapenade that I'm wanting to use up. Your recipes are such an inspiration and fit in with our anti-inflammatory diet. Thanks again!

  8. Tara says:

    5 stars
    I love your recipes and spunky personality! My husband is Tunisian and we always make this with harissa and Anaheim (but we like things spicy) 😊 this is perfect for my dad who can’t handle the spice/hot peppers. Keep ‘em coming!

    1. TMD Team says:

      Thanks, Tara! Will do!

  9. Steve Weissberg says:

    5 stars
    I haven't made your shaksuka yet, but it looks delicious and IO plan to make it this Sign day morning.

  10. Upashan says:

    5 stars
    I love all your recipes I can feel the aroma of the delicious food recipes when I read all the recipes

  11. Cripps says:

    AMAZING!!

    Because of stomach issues I skipped the onions and switched orange and yellow peppers instead of the green. End result my foodie sister was shocked and amazed at how good it is

  12. Sheri Marshall says:

    5 stars
    My husband and I really enjoyed eating this Meal. The only thing I added to it was a sprinkling of feta cheese after putting in individual bowls.

    1. TMD Team says:

      Yum! Great idea!

  13. Anisa says:

    5 stars
    Love Shakshuka!! My friends from Tunisia always make this for dinner with Lamb and harissa....do you have a recipe for homemade harissa?
    Thank you so much for these wonderful recipes!!!

    1. TMD Team says:

      We do! you can find the homemade harissa recipe here. Enjoy!

  14. Lisa says:

    5 stars
    I made a half recipe of this for breakfast for my husband and myself. So easy and wonderfully delicious! Thanks!

  15. Shawn says:

    5 stars
    Wow, so much flavor. Definitely will be making that again. Very good.

    1. Morgan says:

      I tried the 15 minute route in the oven, and the yolks were a little too firm for my taste. If anyone is looking for the runny yolks, I'd cut it down to 10 minutes. Thanks Shawn for the tip!

  16. P. Brown says:

    Shakshuka, made it with sausage and I finished the dish in the oven at 400 for 15 -20 minutes for the eggs to harden and the feta to melt...

    1. Morgan says:

      P. Brown, thanks for the tip! I used my cast iron and finished in the oven for 15 minutes. Next time, I'll allow a little more time on the stovetop to cook off the liquid and only put it in the oven for 10 minutes, as the yolks were firm and I like 'em runny! (Sorry that I posted this comment twice, I originally responded to the wrong comment. Woops!)