Have you ever wanted to make Tahdig Persian Rice with that perfectly crispy golden crust? This recipe and step-by-step tutorial is all you need! And I have lots of ideas for what to serve along!
Tahdig has been on my list to make for while. And I'm happy to report it is easier to make than I thought! And if you ever wanted an impressive and unique dish for a special dinner, this Persian style rice with golden crust will not disappoint.
I used a recipe from Eden Grinspahn's new book Eating Out Loud (affiliate link), with some very slight modifications.
What is tahdig?
Tahdig, pronounced tah-deeg, literally means "bottom of the pot" in Persian. And it refers to a beautiful, pan-fried Persian rice that is fluffy and buttery on the inside with a perfectly golden crust, which is the layer at the bottom of the pot. It's beautifully laced with saffron and often scented with orange zest like in today's recipe.
In her new book Eating Out Loud (affiliate link), Eden describes making tahdig this way:
You're basically building a rice "cake" with layers of rice, yogurt, and butter. It gets cooked in a tightly covered pan, where the steam cooks the rice while the outside crisps. Then it's turned upside down out of the pan on a platter, where--if you've done your job right--the crispy outside bits hold the moist inside like a mold.
Tip: Don't be a hero, use a nonstick pot. Makes all the difference!
What kind of rice to use for Persian rice?
The kind of rice used is important. My Iranian friends only use Basmati rice (affiliate) for all their Persian rice dishes, and it's what is used in this recipe.
Two steps to prepare the rice for this tahdig recipe:
- Wash the basmati rice very well under cold running water until the water runs clear. Some folks even soak it for a bit, but that is not required today.
- Par-boil the rice. You'll boil the rice with plenty of water and cook to al dante for 5 minutes or so before you assemble and make the tahdig.
The crust is where it's at! It's what makes this Persian rice recipe extra special.
What makes the crust? There are different tahdig variations when it comes to acheiving that perfectly crispy, golden crust. Some use a layer of flat lavash bread at the bottom of the pot, while other recipes may use a layer of thinly sliced potatoes. But it's the third method I wanted to try...
In this recipe, the curst is made of a mixture of rice, whole milk yogurt, and saffron. The extra fat from just two tablespoons of whole milk yogurt really helps the bottom layer of rice crisp up nicely, while the above layer of rice gets steamed to fluffy perfection.
How to make tahdig: step-by-step
(print-friendly recipe with ingredient list below)
- Soak the saffron. 1 teaspoon of saffron goes in 1 cup of super warm water (but not hot). Leave it be for at least 10 minutes. It's important to give the saffron enough time in the water to bloom and release it's beautiful color, so that's why I start with this step.
- Wash the rice and boil the rice. Like I mentioned earlier, you'll want to wash 2 cups basmati rice so well until the water runs clean. Then combine the rice with 8 cups of water and a good pinch of salt (the original recipe calls for 2 tablespoons as this is your only shot to season the rice itself, but I used 1 tablespoon). Boil for about 5 to 6 minutes, then drain well.
- Prepare the rice, yogurt, saffron mixture. Take 1 cup of the rice and mix it super well with 2 tablespoons of yogurt, 2 tablespoons of grapeseed oil (or another neutral-tasting oil) and 2 tablespoons of the saffron water.
- Assemble the tahdig in a nonstick pot. Spread the rice-yogurt mixture in bottom of the pot (this is what makes the crust). Use a 10-inch lidded nonstick pot here. Add 1 cup of the remaining rice on top, then 2 tablespoons of dried cherries, a little orange zest, and a pinch of cinnamon. Continue layering in this way until you have used up the rice (keep some of the dried cherries for garnish later). Dot the top layer o rice with the butter (the original recipe called for 8 tablespoons of butter, cubed, but for us 4 to 5 tablespoons was sufficient). Pour the rest of the saffron water on top.
- Cook the tahdig. To really trap the steam, do as my Persian friends do, wrap the lid of the pot in a thin kitchen towel. Use a rubber band to secure the towel around the handle (a little safety measure). Cover the pot and cook over low heat, 25 to 30 minutes or until the rice around the edges is golden and crispy (mine took more like 50 minutes for the bottom layer to fully crisp up and fully develop the golden color you see. I also ended up raising the heat a little bit to medium-low for a bit). Keep an eye and peek under the lid to make sure the bottom layer crisps nicely but does not burn (this is really all the TLC you need to do and it makes a difference).
- Flip the cooked tahdig over and serve. Remove the lid from the cooking pot and invert a large serving platter over the pot and carefully flip the pot over (the bottom crispy layer will now be on top). Although the nonstick pot helps a ton, don't worry if some of the rice sticks to the bottom, just help it with a wooden spoon and run with it! Garnish with dried cherries and pistachios. Serve!
- Serve. Remove the lid, invert a large serving plate over the pot, and carefully flip them over together. No worries if it sticks, just scrape it out and run with it! Sprinkle the tahdig with the reserved dried cherries and pistachios and serve right away.
What to serve with tahdig?
This crispy saffron rice can elevate any number of entrees. Here are some ideas for what to serve along:
- Hearty stews. I don't have any Persian stew recipes yet, but I can recommend this Moroccan lamb stew; vegetable tagine; or even roasted cauliflower and chickpea stew
- Saucy fish stew like this fish shakshuka. Or fried fish like pan seared trout.
- Roasts etc. like Spatchcock chicken; baked chicken drumsticks; boneless leg of lamb; lamb shanks
- Grilled Meats. Beef Kabobs; Kofta; Chicken Kabobs; Grilled Whole Chicken; or Lemon Chicken are all great options.
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Tahdig Recipe (Crispy Persian Rice)
- 1 tsp saffron threads
- 2 cups basmati rice like Royal Basmati Rice (affiliate link)
- 1 to 2 tbsp Kosher salt
- 2 tablespoon whole milk yogurt (Greek or otherwise)
- 2 tbsp grape seed oil, or any healthy neutral-tasting oil of your choice
- 1 cup dried cherries, finely chopped
- Grated zest of 1 orange
- ½ teaspoon ground cinnamon
- 4 to 8 tbsp unsalted butter, cubed (see note #1)
- 3 tbsp pistachios, roughly chopped for garnish
- Mix the saffron into 1 cup very warm (but not hot) water. Let sit for at least 10 minutes to let the saffron release all of its flavor.
- In a sieve, rinse the rice under cool running water until the water almost runs clear.
- In a large pot, combine 8 cups of water and the salt (this is your one shot to season the rice itself). Bring to a boil over medium-high heat. Add the rice and cook until al dente, 5 to 6 minutes. Drain the rice.
- In a medium bowl, combine 1 cup of the cooked rice, the yogurt, grapeseed oil, and 2 tablespoon of the saffron water. Mix thoroughly.
- Spread the rice-yogurt mixture evenly on the bottom of a 10-inch lidded nonstick pot. Sprinkle 1 cup of the remaining cooked rice on top, followed by 2 tablespoons of the dried cherries, a pinch of orange zest, and a pinch of cinnamon. Add another layer of rice and repeat with the cherries, orange zest, and cinnamon, reserving a couple tablespoon of the cherries for garnish. As you go about layering, the rice will start to dome and look "pointy" in the middle--that's okay! Keep it that way. Finish by dotting the top with the butter and pour the rest of the saffron water all over the top.
- Wrap the lid in a kitchen towel and secure it around the handle with a rubber band. Cover the pot and cook over low heat, 25 to 30 minutes or until the rice around the edges is golden and crispy; it's okay to peek under the lid! (See note #2) Be sure not to burn the bottom layer of the rice, though you do want a nice crust in the bottom.
- Remove the lid, invert a large serving plate over the pot, and carefully flip them over together. No worries if it sticks, just scrape it out and run with it! Sprinkle the tahdig with the reserved dried cherries and pistachios and serve right away.
- This recipe is adapted from Eating Out Loud (affiliate link) by Eden Grinchpan.
- I used Royal Basmati Rice (affiliate link)
- Note #1--butter amount: The original recipe indicates 8 tablespoons (or 1 stick) unsalted butter. For me, 4 to 5 tablespoons were sufficient.
- Note #2--how long until the bottom layer of rice crisps will vary. My rice took 50 minutes for the bottom layer to crisp, and I did adjust the heat later to medium-low. It's important to keep an eye on the rice and peek under the lid occasionally to make sure the bottom crisps but does not burn.
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How do you check the bottom to see if it is crisping? I’ve been looking for a way to make a dish like this, but I’m worried I will either overcook or undercook the bottom.
Hi, Iris. I just typically manage the heat carefully and peek under the lid throughout the process, and I'm able to tell if it's crisping. Don't be disappointed if it doesn't turn out perfectly the first time. It is worth it in the end!! Hope you give it a try!
Great recipe..thank you!
How can i reheat the this?
Hi, Wilma. This is best eaten right away, but you can reheat in a pan over medium low heat or in a microwave.
Made this for the first time and success! I’ve tried making tahdig with other recipes but I couldn’t get the crispy crust or the rice would be mushy. This was awesome! I realized my stove flame even on low was too hot so I used put a grate on top of the flame and then put the rice pot on top of the grate to ease the heat so that the rocks would steam cook slowly without burning the bottom.
Very interesting! Thanks for sharing, Layla!
Thank you for writing this out for us. We chose a less fancy way of making it and only used the butter and the yogurt since I was making lamb curry for it. It turned out perfect. It took the whole 50 minutes and was a beautiful golden crust at the end. Great flavor too.
Instead of dried cherries, my Persian friends use barberries ("zereshk" in Farsi), which you can find dried in almost any middle east grocery store. When you soak the saffron, do the same with the barberries (in a separate dish). They are very tangy and add the perfect *zing* to this dish, which turns simple rice into an amazing, flavour explosion. Party in my mouth!! 😀
Thanks for sharing, Liessi! Sounds delish!
So the rice only needs the cup of water from the saffron? We really enjoyed the flavours but I didn't achieve the crispy crust. We had it with Aloo Esfinaj and it was really good. No cherries, but a mix of cranberries and barberries.
Great recipe among many. My family absolutely loved the recipe. Thank you so much!
Just made this, and it’s fantastic! Made it with shredded chicken. Yes, it took about 50 minutes the last 10 minutes I turned the stove to medium
Thanks for sharing, John!
Made it first time came out perfect. It looks great and tastes even better than it looks. Temperature and cook times may vary. I also had to raise temp at the end and it took about 50 minutes.
Thanks for sharing, Juan!
Such A Great Blog. Thank U For Sharing Useful Information Abou how-many-sticks-is-a-cup-of-butter .
Ummm, recipe is done and I still have a stick of butter. What do I do with the butter, other than put a small dal on top of the finished rice?
Hi, Pete. The butter is added in step 5, while assembling the tahdig in the pot. For my recommendations on the amount, see Note #1 in the "Notes" section.
I would like to try this recipe but I agree with Pete, I do not see detail of where and how the butter is added in the step 5 paragraph.
Hi, Connie. The butter should be cubed, and at the end of step five it says: Finish by dotting the top with the butter and pour the rest of the saffron water all over the top.
Loved this! It was so easy and the finished dish was absolutely perfect. I will make this again...and may even try making it for company.
Wonderful! Thanks, Georgia!
I made this yesterday for our Easter dinner. A friend used to bring it to our Easter party but she passed away and we miss her Persian rice! I have never made it myself but your instructions were so good and it came out perfect. My family all enjoyed it! The only thing I did differently was to cook my rice in the instant pot, I cooked it 7 minutes with 2 cups rice and 2 cups water. The rice did not need to be drained this way and it still came out very good! Thank you so much!
I'm so glad to to hear that, Mary! Thanks for sharing your Instant Pot tip!
The point of following the recipe and boiling then draining the rice is that you are par-boiling the rice, not cooking it, since you are keeping it on the stove for 30+ minutes to crisp the rice afterwards.
Great recipe and instructions! I used chopped dates instead of cherries, and I cooked the rice in saffron water too! Came out great!
Thanks for sharing your adaptations, David! So glad you enjoyed the recipe!
Overall the recipient was pretty good but the cooking times were extremely confusing
Hello!!! I'm writing from Colombia, and I really want to try this recipe. Could you please tell me how many grams is a cup equivalent to?
Hello! According to my quick internet search 1 cups = approx. 200 grams. Hope that helps!!
Very flavorful and relatively easy. Perfect Tadig after 45 minutes. Thank you for sharing!
So glad you enjoyed it, Terri!
I made this tahdig and your recipe for greek marinated chicken last night for the first time and the whole family loved it. I didn't quite accomplish the crispy crust but it was still delicious. I'll keep trying!
I'd been having a rough day and after sitting down to such a wonderful meal, it literally turned my whole day around :). Thank you!!
I'm so glad to hear that, Kelly!
Can I ask what the purpose of using yogurt? I've seen recipes with and without to make tadhig. Thank you!
Hi, Susan! I feel it really helps me achieve that golden, crispy crust.
Love this recipe! I’ve tried others, and this one is by far the best!
Thank you 🙂
Will try to make this recipe..it presents well in the picture. Is the 1 Tsp of Saffron measurement correct, because that is like $10 worth of saffron threads?
Yes, 1 tsp is correct here.