Harissa is a North African red chile paste or sauce made of a few simple ingredients including chiles, garlic, olive oil, citrus and a few warm spices.

This versatile harissa recipe is slightly sweet, smoky, tangy, and just enough spicy but not too hot. Make it ahead and use in many ways! Be sure to watch the video below.

homemade harissa in a small open jar. Dry chiles to the side

You've seen me use harissa spice blend in different recipes, but today we're going to chat about harissa sauce! This, along with my earlier toum garlic sauce, belong under versatile Mediterranean dips and condiments you'll find yourself using over and over again!

What is harissa?

I've heard people describe harissa as the ketchup or sriracha of North Africa and the Middle East.

It may be a red condiment that is as popular as ketchup because of the many way it is used and enjoyed. But comparing the two does not do harissa justice. Harissa is much more complex in flavor and all together addictive!

Originally from Tunisia, harissa is a chile sauce or paste typically made of dry red chiles, garlic, citrus, extra virgin olive oil and a few warm spices including cumin, coriander and caraway seeds.

And although you can find it at specialty grocery stores sold in jars or tins, homemade harissa is a completely different experience.

What does it taste like? This harissa sauce recipe is mild with just enough kick, sweet, smoky, and a little bit tangy. Absolutely addictive!

Making harissa at home is easier than most people think; be sure to watch the video below.

harissa paste stored in mason jar

What kind of chiles to use for harissa?

Each batch of homemade harissa sauce may taste slightly different than the other, depending on the kind of chiles used. And as a result, some can be fairly hot, while others are mild.

You can pretty much make harissa out of any dried red chile according to your own personal heat index.

Because I like to control the heat factor in my harissa paste, I like the idea of using New Mexico chiles, which are milder but offer enough of a kick (Cookbook author Paula Wolfert believes that Gujaillo and New Mexico chiles are closest to the peppers of Nabeul and Gabès in Tunisia).

You can absolutely use a combination of chile peppers. Need more heat? Add a couple of de arbol peppers. If you like a bit of smokiness, add chipotle chile.  

ingredients for homemade harissa sauce

What you need to make it:

When I tested my harissa paste recipe, it was important for me to find the perfect balance of spicy, sweet, smoky, and tangy all in one red chile paste, and the following ingredients did just that:

  • Dry red chiles (7 whole chiles). I prefer New Mexico chiles or Guajillo chiles which are milder (this allows me to add more heat as needed).
  • Roasted red peppers (6 ounces or 2 large roasted red peppers). Jarred peppers will work here, just drain them well. These will add sweetness and also support the texture of the harissa paste.
  • Tomato paste (2 tablespoons or so) for the umami factor.
  • Fresh garlic cloves. I usually use 4 cloves, but if you enjoy more garlic, go for it!
  • Spices. A combination of North African flavors from 2 teaspoons each coriander and cumin; 1 teaspoon caraway seeds toasted and ground (use a mortar and pestle, grinder, or food processor); 1 teaspoon smoked paprika (this adds depth and smokiness without adding more spice). I also use a pinch of cayenne pepper; start with ½ teaspoon and go from there.
  • Kosher salt
  • Citrus. Juice of 1 large lemon (do not skip this as it adds brightness and rounds out flavor).
  • Extra virgin olive oil. This is drizzled into the food processor as the rest of the ingredients are mixing together. Use a quality EVOO that you enjoy; I used Early Harvest Greek EVOO.

How to make harissa

Making harissa at home could not be simpler!

First, you'll soak the dry red chiles (whatever combination of chile peppers you selected) in hot water to rehydrate. If you don't rehydrate them, you can't exactly turn them into paste.

rehydrated new Mexico dry chiles

From there, seed the chiles and blend them in a food processor with the roasted red peppers, garlic, tomato paste, spices, and lemon juice.

chile peppers and rest of ingredients in the food processor

Drizzle the extra virgin olive oil as the ingredients are mixing until you arrive at a beautiful, slightly chunky paste. That's it!

harissa paste in the food processor

It's even better the next day!

You can use harissa sauce as soon as you make it, but if you refrigerate it and use it the next day or two, the flavors will meld well and create a much deeper chile paste you'll love!

Storage

I like to store my homemade harissa in the fridge in a tight lid mason jar. Adding a drizzle of extra virgin olive oil on top will help seal it well. It typically lasts 2 to 3 weeks in the fridge.

You can also freeze it for later use (about a month or so).

Ways to use harissa

Once you make harissa paste at home, you'll find yourself using it in many different ways. Here are a few ideas:

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4.80 from 85 votes

Easy Harissa Recipe

Suzy Karadsheh
homemade harissa in a small open jar. Dry chiles to the side
Make this easy harissa paste with dried chiles, garlic, and warm North African spices and keep it in the fridge for use on meat, chicken, fish, or even veggies. You can also stir in a bit of harissa in your soups and stews or to add a little kick to your shakshuka or hummus!
Prep – 10 mins
Cook – 0 mins
Soak Time 30 mins
Total – 10 mins
Cuisine:
Mediterranean, North African
Serves – 24 tablespoons
Course:
Condiment, Sauce

Equipment

  • Food processor

Ingredients
  

  • 7 Dried New Mexico Chiles or Guajillo Chiles or a combination of dried New Mexico Chiles and another kind of dried hot chiles such as de arbol or chipotle chiles
  • 6 oz jarred roasted red peppers drained rinsed, and dried (2 large peppers)
  • 2 tablespoon tomato paste
  • 4 large garlic cloves peeled
  • 1 teaspoon caraway seeds toasted and ground (use a mortar and pestle, grinder or food processor)
  • 2 teaspoon ground coriander
  • 2 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon smoked paprika
  • ½ teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • Kosher salt
  • Juice of 1 large lemon 2 tablespoon fresh lemon juice
  • 2 tablespoon quality extra virgin olive oil more for later

Instructions
 

  • Soak and prepare the dried chiles. Place the dried chiles in a heat-safe bowl and cover with hot water. Set aside for 30 minutes until the chiles are tender and re-hydrated. Drain the chiles and remove the stems and seeds.
  • Combine chiles with the remaining ingredients. Transfer the chiles to the bowl of a large food processor fitted with a blade. Add the tomato paste, roasted red peppers, garlic, ground caraway seeds, coriander, cumin, smoked paprika, cayenne (if using), and a large pinch of kosher salt. Add fresh lemon juice.
  • Make the harissa paste. Run the food processor, and while it’s running, drizzle the extra virgin olive oil from the top opening. Stop the processor to scrape down the sides and run again until you reach the desired paste-like texture. Taste and adjust seasonings to your liking (remember that harissa paste will deepen in flavor as it sits in the fridge over the next day or two).
  • Store. Transfer the harissa paste to a clean mason jar. Cover with a very thin layer of extra virgin olive oil, then cover the jar with its lid tightly and refrigerate.

Video

Notes

  • This recipe makes about 1 ½ cups of harissa paste.  A serving size is 2 tablespoons.
  • Cook's Tip: You can use this homemade harissa paste as soon as you make it, but for best flavor allow it at least 1 to 2 days in the fridge.
  • Storage: Homemade harissa can last in the fridge for 2 to 3 weeks, properly stored in a covered mason jar and the top the harissa paste covered with a thin layer of extra virgin olive oil. You can use a little bit of the harissa paste at a time, but be sure to add a bit more extra virgin olive oil to cover the top before storing in the fridge again. 
  • Can you freeze it? Yes! You can freeze harissa paste for up to 1 month or so. Best to freeze individual smaller portions. 
  • Visit Our Shop to browse quality Mediterranean ingredients, including spices and extra virgin olive oil used in this recipe. 

Nutrition

Serving: 2tablespoonCalories: 13.4kcalCarbohydrates: 0.6gProtein: 0.1gFat: 1.3gSaturated Fat: 0.2gSodium: 11mgPotassium: 20.3mgFiber: 0.2gSugar: 0.2gVitamin A: 79.1IUVitamin C: 0.3mgCalcium: 3.7mgIron: 0.2mg
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I'm Suzy; born and bred right on the shores of the Mediterranean. I'm all about easy, healthy recipes with big Mediterranean flavors. Three values guide my cooking: eat with the seasons; use whole foods; and above all, share! So happy you're here...
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Comments

  1. I plan to make your recipe for Harissa, but must first make the tomato paste. I could not find a link to the video, is it disabled, or missing?

    Thanks,

    RY

    1. Hello! I use store-bought tomato paste here. I don't have a recipe or video for it. There is a video for the Harissa Paste/Sauce at the bottom of the post. I just checked, and it's functional on my end. Unfortunately, some browsers block pop ups which, for some reason, also blocks instructional videos. You may need to adjust your browser settings, or try a different browser on your end.

  2. I love this recipe, but live alone and am wondering how well it freezes since I won’t go through the whole batch within 2-3 weeks.

  3. Grew so many chillies this year,gave this a go. Used fresh chillies(5) and no cayenne. Love it! Living in Greece we eat lots of things to go with this. Thank you!

  4. Before I found your recipe for the harrisa I would buy from the store, not any more this recipe is amazing, I love it and followed your recipe on the video, I never leave reviews but for this harrisa. I had to, top marks thanks.

  5. 5 stars
    I am leaving a 5 star rating for you recipe, even though I haven't tried it yet. I bought a tagine years ago when I had the opportunity to visit Morocco, have only used it once. I have one Moroccan chicken tagine recipe which I have used a couple of times, minus some of the ingredients listed. Like harissa - I had no idea what it was until I got to your site 10 minutes ago. Now I know, and it looks like a simple thing to put together. I have printed out 3 copies so that I can share the recipe. I have subscribed to your email list, I am so looking forward to trying more of your recipes to learning to make more Mediterranean recipes and enjoy healthier meals. Thank you, thank you, thank you!

  6. 5 stars
    Delicious, a Mediterranean restaurant I like had harissa, I’m very happy to be able to recreate it. It is so perfect with Greek salad.

  7. 5 stars
    This is such a great recipe, way better than the jar stuff I've bought at Trader Joes (which was not in stock, which lead me to this recipe, so a sideways thanks, TJ's!) How good? I went looking for other recipes to put this in. Thank you so much!

    1. Forgot to add the big reason I wanted to post, was that I used Aleppo Pepper instead of the paprika/cayenne pepper mix, one of the things that made me love it so much.

  8. I have fresh New Mexico Hatch chilies that I roasted myself and then froze. Can I use these instead of the dried ones?

    1. Hi, Suzan. I've never tried that personally, but I think it should work. If you give it a go, I'd love to hear how it turns out.

  9. 5 stars
    I've never had harissa before so I dont know what its suppose to taste like. Either way this stuff is AMAZINGLY DELICIOUS! I could eat it straight out of the jar with a spoon. I did make a few changes based on what I had in my pantry. Used fennel seeds in place of caraway and used 1/8tsp liquid smoke in place of paprika. I'm making your Harissa Chicken recipe tonight and looking forward to seeing how it turns out.

  10. 5 stars
    This is the first time I ever made this paste It was relatively easy and delicious. It looked a little scary getting the large package of dried chilies but it all worked and saved me $$ not buying the store jar

  11. Hey .... we get something locally called Harra. I’ve been searching for the recipe but in vain . Would it be the same the thing as harissa. The ingredients and appearance feels same . Or do you have any other recipe of Harra...?

  12. 5 stars
    Love Harissa but didn’t want to go to store, had all ingredients in my pantry and 45 minutes later...deliciousness! I cannot wait until tomorrow when it has time for the flavors to blend it can only get better from here and it’s fantastic now!

  13. 5 stars
    Wow! This recipe is so simple to follow, and yields a beautiful full-flavored sauce/paste. I want to eat it on everything!

  14. Hi Suzy,
    Is it possible to use harissa powder in place of the dried chiles? If so, how many tablespoons would be equivalent to 7 dried chiles? This recipe looks so easy and I would like to try to make it, but I want to use up my harissa powder too... 🙂

    Thank you so much.

  15. 5 stars
    SO good! I've been to Morocco ALOT...have many friends who live there. This takes me there...yum. Made it for a friend that visited me at my house (she's from Moroc) she said it was better than most she's had! Boom! 🙂

  16. I love harissa but unfortunately some of these ingredients are hard to find where I live. Can I use fresh chilis and fresh roasted red peppers instead of dried/jarred?

      1. You can find dried chili’s in the International area of the grocery. Venture into a “Mexican” grocery with a big smile, say “Hola (ola)” and look around. You’ll find dried peppers there! Be adventurous ?